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一带一路:众家之言,谁可信赖?

时间:2019-05-07 09:28 浏览:

"Hype?or?Hope?"

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Editor's?note:Andy?Mok是前兰德公司(美国非营利性全球政策智囊团)研究员,也是中国与全球化智库的非常驻研究员。 Four?trillion?U.S.dollars?of?planned?investments?in?65?countries?representing?70?percent?of?the?world's?population,?55?percent?of?its?GDP,?and?75?percent?of?its?energy?reserves:?China's?Belt?and?Road?Initiative?(BRI)?is?by?far?the?largest?scale?global?development?project?in?the?many?thousands?of?years?of?human?history.? 一带一路倡议计划投资65个国家,总额达四万亿美元。这些国家拥有世界70%的人口,55%的国内生产总值以及75%的能源储备。该倡议成为人类数千年历史中规模最大的全球发展项目。 Spanning?the?entire?Eurasian?landmass?from?Eastern?China?to?Western?Europe,?covering?the?continent?of?Africa?and?the?countries?of?East?and?Southeast?Asia,?the?BRI?has?a?growing?global?influence?as?more?and?more?countries?sign?up. 从中国东部到西欧,一带一路项目横贯整个欧亚大陆,且覆盖非洲大陆、以及东亚和东南亚各国。随着越来越多的国家加入,其全球影响力也与日俱增。 However,?some?have?tried?to?foment?opposition?to?the?BRI?by?claiming?it?involves?under-the-table?dealings?and?lacks?transparency.?This?is?kind?of?ridiculous.?The?accusatory?voices?are?loud,?but?none?are?backed?up?with?evidence. 然而,一些人却试图煽动反对情绪,称一带一路涉及暗箱操作,缺乏透明度。这些都是无稽之谈。声音虽大,但都无凭无据。 Rather?than?arguing?against?the?accusations,?it?is?better?to?analyze?the?reasons?behind?them.?What?are?the?motives?of?the?critics? 与其反驳这些指控,不如分析其背后的原因。批评者的动机何在? For?many?American?policymakers,?the?United?States?can?only?feel?safe?if?it?maintains?its?global?dominance.?Also,?many?in?the?U.S.?are?deeply?wedded?to?the?notion?that?American-style?values?and?vernance?are?not?only?the?best?for?the?U.S,?but?must?also?be?foisted?by?persuasion?or?force?on?the?rest?of?the?world. 对许多美国的政策制定者来说,美国只有一直占据全球主导地位,才是安全的。此外,许多美国人也深信,美国式的价值观和治理模式不仅最适合美国,还应软硬兼施地强加给其他国家。 The?BRI?offers?countries?around?the?world?an?alternative?development?path?to?the?American-led?system. 一带一路为各国提供了一条新的发展途径,使之不再受制于美国主导的世界体系。 The?initiative?is?creating?a?vast?integrated?market?centered?on?the?continents?of?Asia,?Europe?and?Africa?that?will?be?many?times?larger?and,?in?not?too?distant?future,?more?advanced?than?that?of?the?U.S.?These?BRI?countries?can?chart?their?own?course?without?interference?from?outside?countries. 它正在打造一个以亚洲、欧洲和非洲大陆为中心的巨大的一体化市场,其规模将是美国市场的数倍,并会在不远的将来比美国市场更具先进性。一带一路的参与国可以自主规划发展道路,不受其他国家干涉。 As?these?countries?become?more?independent,?the?U.S.?loses?influence?in?the?eyes?of?the?international?community,?and?so?it?is?doing?all?it?can?to?discredit?the?BRI. 随着这些国家愈发独立,美国逐渐失去其国际影响力,因此不遗余力地诋毁一带一路。 Who?should?you?believe? 该相信谁? When?words?and?numbers?collide,?the?numbers?win.? 口说无凭,数字为证。 Currently,?China's?economy?is?growing?three?times?faster?than?that?of?the?U.S.?In?dollar?terms,?China?is?adding?about?800?billion?U.S.?dollars?per?year?to?the?global?economy?compared?to?400?billion?U.S.?dollars?from?the?U.S.? 目前,中国的经济增长速度是美国的三倍。以美元计算,中国每年对全球经济的贡献约为8000亿美元,而美国为4000亿美元。 But?perhaps?more?importantly,?the?Chinese?people?are?happier?with?their?lives?and?more?hopeful?about?their?futures.?According?to?the?Pew?Research?Center,?96?percent?of?Chinese?said?their?standard?of?living?was?better?than?that?of?their?parents?and?87?percent?said?they?were?satisfied?with?their?country’s?direction.?? 但也许更重要的是,中国人民觉着自己的生活更幸福,对未来更满怀希望。皮尤研究中心?(Pew?Research?Center)?的调查显示,96?%的中国人认为自己的生活水平高于父辈的生活水平,87?%的人表示自己对国家的发展方向感到满意。 The?Chinese?people?also?trust?their?vernment.?According?to?the?Edelman?Trust?Barometer,?in?2018?China?topped?a?28-market?ranking?of?average?public?trust?in?institutions.?Moreover,?the?Chinese?people's?trust?in?their?vernment?reached?the?barometer's?"highest?recorded?levels"?—84?percent?of?the?general?public?and?89?percent?of?the?"informed?public"?trusted?China's?vernment. 中国人民也信任政府。埃德尔曼信任度晴雨表(Edelman?Trust?Barometer)显示,2018年,在28个接受调查的国家和地区中,中国政府信任度位居榜首,且达到了晴雨表的“历史最高水平”:84?%的普通民众和89?%的“知情公众”信任中国政府。 Trust?and?confidence?in?the?BRI?is?spreading?beyond?China's?borders,?with?Italy?recently?signing?an?MOU?to?join.?Other?major?countries?in?the?EU?are?likely?to?follow?suit?as?more?and?more?people?learn?to?discriminate?misguided?distortions?from?the?actual?truth?of?the?BRI. 中国的倡议开始得到外界越来越多的信任和信心。近期,意大利签署谅解备忘录加入一带一路就是一个例证。欧盟其他主要国家也可能会相继加入,因为越来越多的人学会了辨别真伪,了解了一带一路的真实情况。
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